Various Papers

There are informative guidelines on writing some specialized types of papers like book critique, reviews, theses, etc.

In the wake of Robinson Crusoe (Part 2)

It took a long time before the man regained consciousness and was able to tell the story of their extraordinary adventures. His name was Alexander Selkirk. He was born in 1676 in the small Scottish town of Largo, his father was a poor shoemaker John Selkreg. At nineteen years old, due to constant conflicts with […]

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In the wake of Robinson Crusoe (Part 1)

During the reading of the novel by the English writer Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe” or watching the same movie, many are likely to seriously thought about Robinson could there be in real life, and if he could, then where exactly it was located island. In fact, Robinson – not fiction. At the heart of Daniel […]

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Taiga Robinsons (Part 2)

After this news helicopter arrived to the residence Robinsons family relatives. After the funeral, they offered to move orphaned Agathius to him, but she refused. VM Peskov also failed to persuade her to move. Agatha said, “The blessing of the Father did not give me.” It did not frighten the life of a single woman […]

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Taiga Robinsons (Part 1)

In 1978, in the summer, in the depths of the Siberian taiga, in places where you do not dare to go the hunters, a helicopter spotted by human activities. Small hut has been identified and located on the mountain terraces of gardens. All this is very unusual, because the distance to the nearest settlement was […]

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Greatest travels around the Earth (Part 2)

On a bike trip around the world made a great 24-year-old student Frenchman Yves Bonnet from Nancy. He drove 75 thousand km. His path lay through all natural zones, ranging from tropical and polar ending. Record cycling marathon was set by Englishman Walter Stole. His journey through the world lasted for 17 years, he traveled […]

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Greatest travels around the Earth (Part 1)

Each of us, regardless of age and occupation, is a pedestrian. I wonder how far the average person takes in his life, walking daily around the planet Earth. Scientists, researchers who have decided to answer this question, have come to the sad conclusion that the decrease in general motor activity of people in our time. […]

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Geographic “closing” (Part Two)

In fact, the geographic “closing” occur not only in the high latitudes. Sometimes they can be found and has long been studied areas. For example, now you cannot find on maps of the islands, as the Ganges discovered in XVII century explorers from Spain. During one of the expeditions to the Pacific by the Spaniards discovered the Bonin Islands, and Idhu Volcano. Even going back, explorers saw the same island, but from a different angle, and without knowing already opened the earth, and to all still incorrectly identified their geographic coordinates. The “new” old island and were called Ganges. As a result, the island passed to the existent ode card to another for almost 300 years – until 1965, when Soviet researchers finally dissolved the myth and the “closed” them. Cases of this kind are not rare. Even at today’s detailed maps that are published in the UK, and to this day you can still find the island, marked by the abbreviation “PS” or “SS”, which means, “The situation is questionable” and “doubtful existence.” A small portion of the previously discovered the islands for the past hundred years if playing hide and seek. As an example of this island can be reduced theoretically owned by the Norwegian Bouvet Island, which is located in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean near Antarctica. Belonging to his Norwegian territory is theoretical because this volcanic island is almost entirely covered with ice and shrouded in impenetrable fog. More in 1973 it opened a French captain Bouvet. But when a few decades later in these waters visited by the famous English explorer James Cook, he could not find a single piece of land, and expressed full confidence in the fact that Bouvet noted on the map iceberg, of which floats in these waters are vast. Only after almost 200 years of British whaling schooner captain Lindsay accidentally stumbled upon the island, which appeared out of the mist, and named it in his honor. One can only imagine how deep was his disappointment when soon discovered that the new island has appeared Bouvet Island. It took not much time, and the rediscovery of forgotten Bouvet Island – floats near the English captain Norris, found the island and, considering his newfound, gave him the name of Liverpool. At the same time, a number he found another island, which is called the island of Thompson. The funny thing is that in 1893 the American Fuller confirmed the existence of the two islands, but, five years later, the German sailors from the ship “Valdi- tions” was found here only a lonely island of Bouvet. Regarding the island of Thompson, whom “just in case” indicated on all English detailed charts, then it is not found to this day. Volcanic Island, appearing because of the eruptions of underwater volcanoes, delivering a lot of trouble and geography, and the governments of some countries. As a rule, they will soon disappear, and then, after some time there again. Sometimes explorers discover a volcanic island, it is applied to the card, raise a flag over it of his state, and a year later the island disappears, though it was not his. Appeared so the island is constantly leading to confusion and sometimes to international conflicts. For example, in the Mediterranean Sea July 13, 1831 between Sicily and the coast of the African continent suddenly there was a new land, an island called Julia. It is logical that due to its convenient geographical location, “newborn” island immediately caused a diplomatic conflict between the two countries – Italy and the UK. Each State considers its territory to Julius. Nevertheless, while stretched long disputes, the island just simply washed away by sea waves. However, after that, he still repeatedly appear and disappear again, each time getting a new name. Similarly, it appears and disappears volcanic island, named in honor of St. John the Divine, which is in the Bering Sea. It was first seen in 1796, but soon because of the strong surf disappeared. After that, he repeatedly appeared to disappear again. Similarly behaved and the Pacific island of Falcon. In 1935, there was quite a curious event – a kind of Japanese company sold US Trust land, located on several islands that were part of the Caroline Archipelago, belonging to Japan. The plans of the Americans was to create in the area of plantations for the cultivation of tropical crops. However, to get to their ship, loaded with seeds, found no islands. It was found that, during the registration documents of the island simply washed away by ocean waves. September 28, 1957, because of the eruption of an underwater volcano, located in the group of the Azores, which belong to Portugal, formed a new island, which is a month later “disappeared” in the ocean. It is likely that the same fate awaits and the island LAS arisen near Iceland at the end of 1963. In addition, very Young Island Fukuta-Kuiloba was born in January 1986 off Japan. While its dimensions are about 650 m long and 450 m wide. He rises to 12m above sea level. In July 1992, there was a new island in the Aleutian archipelago – with a length of about 1.5 km and height -. 100 m. These islands are reflected in the literature, for example, in Jules Verne’s novel “The captain antifer” in which the great writer was masterfully used the geographic mobility of volcanic islands. Well, in the novel “The Mysterious Island” was as exciting described the disappearance of Abraham Lincoln Island. The prototype of this island was the island of Krakatoa, much of which was destroyed due to the volcanic explosion in 1883.

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Repeated geographical discoveries (Part 1)

Looking back at the history of geographical discoveries, we can see that very often the new land, open expeditions, for one reason or another for a long time afterwards it was not possible to find in the vast expanses of the ocean. As the years passed, so that there years – decades and centuries, the […]

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