In fact, the geographic “closing” occur not only in the high latitudes. Sometimes they can be found and has long been studied areas. For example, now you cannot find on maps of the islands, as the Ganges discovered in XVII century explorers from Spain. During one of the expeditions to the Pacific by the Spaniards discovered the Bonin Islands, and Idhu Volcano. Even going back, explorers saw the same island, but from a different angle, and without knowing already opened the earth, and to all still incorrectly identified their geographic coordinates. The “new” old island and were called Ganges. As a result, the island passed to the existent ode card to another for almost 300 years – until 1965, when Soviet researchers finally dissolved the myth and the “closed” them.
Cases of this kind are not rare. Even at today’s detailed maps that are published in the UK, and to this day you can still find the island, marked by the abbreviation “PS” or “SS”, which means, “The situation is questionable” and “doubtful existence.”
A small portion of the previously discovered the islands for the past hundred years if playing hide and seek. As an example of this island can be reduced theoretically owned by the Norwegian Bouvet Island, which is located in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean near Antarctica. Belonging to his Norwegian territory is theoretical because this volcanic island is almost entirely covered with ice and shrouded in impenetrable fog. More in 1973 it opened a French captain Bouvet. But when a few decades later in these waters visited by the famous English explorer James Cook, he could not find a single piece of land, and expressed full confidence in the fact that Bouvet noted on the map iceberg, of which floats in these waters are vast. Only after almost 200 years of British whaling schooner captain Lindsay accidentally stumbled upon the island, which appeared out of the mist, and named it in his honor. One can only imagine how deep was his disappointment when soon discovered that the new island has appeared Bouvet Island.
It took not much time, and the rediscovery of forgotten Bouvet Island – floats near the English captain Norris, found the island and, considering his newfound, gave him the name of Liverpool. At the same time, a number he found another island, which is called the island of Thompson.
The funny thing is that in 1893 the American Fuller confirmed the existence of the two islands, but, five years later, the German sailors from the ship “Valdi- tions” was found here only a lonely island of Bouvet. Regarding the island of Thompson, whom “just in case” indicated on all English detailed charts, then it is not found to this day.
Volcanic Island, appearing because of the eruptions of underwater volcanoes, delivering a lot of trouble and geography, and the governments of some countries. As a rule, they will soon disappear, and then, after some time there again. Sometimes explorers discover a volcanic island, it is applied to the card, raise a flag over it of his state, and a year later the island disappears, though it was not his. Appeared so the island is constantly leading to confusion and sometimes to international conflicts.
For example, in the Mediterranean Sea July 13, 1831 between Sicily and the coast of the African continent suddenly there was a new land, an island called Julia. It is logical that due to its convenient geographical location, “newborn” island immediately caused a diplomatic conflict between the two countries – Italy and the UK. Each State considers its territory to Julius. Nevertheless, while stretched long disputes, the island just simply washed away by sea waves. However, after that, he still repeatedly appear and disappear again, each time getting a new name.
Similarly, it appears and disappears volcanic island, named in honor of St. John the Divine, which is in the Bering Sea. It was first seen in 1796, but soon because of the strong surf disappeared. After that, he repeatedly appeared to disappear again. Similarly behaved and the Pacific island of Falcon.
In 1935, there was quite a curious event – a kind of Japanese company sold US Trust land, located on several islands that were part of the Caroline Archipelago, belonging to Japan. The plans of the Americans was to create in the area of plantations for the cultivation of tropical crops. However, to get to their ship, loaded with seeds, found no islands. It was found that, during the registration documents of the island simply washed away by ocean waves.
September 28, 1957, because of the eruption of an underwater volcano, located in the group of the Azores, which belong to Portugal, formed a new island, which is a month later “disappeared” in the ocean. It is likely that the same fate awaits and the island LAS arisen near Iceland at the end of 1963. In addition, very Young Island Fukuta-Kuiloba was born in January 1986 off Japan. While its dimensions are about 650 m long and 450 m wide. He rises to 12m above sea level. In July 1992, there was a new island in the Aleutian archipelago – with a length of about 1.5 km and height -. 100 m.
These islands are reflected in the literature, for example, in Jules Verne’s novel “The captain antifer” in which the great writer was masterfully used the geographic mobility of volcanic islands. Well, in the novel “The Mysterious Island” was as exciting described the disappearance of Abraham Lincoln Island. The prototype of this island was the island of Krakatoa, much of which was destroyed due to the volcanic explosion in 1883.